Câncer de pênis: aspectos epidemiológicos, psicológicos e fatores de risco / Penile cancer: epidemiological, psychological and risk factors

Mariana Malagoni Wind, Luana Mendonça Siqueira Fernandes, Déborah Helena Pereira Pinheiro, Verônica Reis Ferreira, Ana Carolina Guterres Gabriel, Sara Fernandes Correia, Constanza Thaise Xavier Silva

Abstract


O câncer de pênis é um tipo raro de câncer, com maior incidência em homens que têm 50 anos ou mais, embora possa atingir também os mais jovens. A doença está associada à má higiene íntima e  infecção pelo papilomavírus humano (HPV). O estudo teve por objetivo identificar o perfil epidemiológico, psicológico e fatores de risco associados ao câncer de pênis. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura realizada com 23 artigos publicados entre os anos de 2014 a 2019 nos bancos de dados National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health (PUBMED), Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO) e o site do Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA). Os artigos analisados indicaram que o estereótipo dos enfermos afetados com o câncer de pênis caracteriza-se majoritariamente por heterossexual, casado, entre 35 a 50 anos de idade. Verificou-se, também, que a prevalência da maioria dos casos ocorre em países em desenvolvimento e subdesenvolvidos, com destaque para o Brasil. Tal prevalência é explicada por diversos fatores de risco, sendo os principais: má higiene íntima, presença do HPV e o atraso na procura por ajuda médica. Na maioria dos casos, o tratamento do câncer de pênis requer a penectomia total ou parcial, alternativa essa que pode se mostrar devastadora para a saúde psíquica e bem-estar do paciente. Nota-se, portanto, que no caso deste carcinoma, quanto mais agressivo o tratamento, maior seu impacto negativo sobre o âmbito psicossocial. Além disso, o diagnóstico precoce e a assepsia diária do órgão genital se mostram fundamentais na prevenção de tal neoplasia maligna.

 

 


Keywords


Câncer de pênis. Epidemiologia. Penectomia. Masculinidade.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv5n9-066

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