Produtos lácteos caprinos: constituintes e funcionalidade / Goat dairy products: constituents and functionality

Daline Fernandes de Souza Araujo, Paloma Oliveira Antonino de Assis, Raphaela Araújo Veloso Rodrigues, Gerlane Coelho Bernardo Guerra, Rita de Cássia Ramos do Egypto Queiroga

Abstract


O leite caprino apresenta diferentes compostos bioativos, classificando-o como alimento funcional. O potencial de nutracêuticos, alimentos funcionais e suplementos alimentares tem sido discutido na minimização de problemas com a saúde, em especial aqueles relacionados a alterações no trato gastrintestinal. Alguns compostos bioativos como peptídeos, ácido graxos, como o ácido linoleico conjugado, e oligossacarídeos na matriz láctea bovina e caprina tem mostrado propriedades benéficas na saúde humana. OBJETIVO: Diante da grande variedade de constituintes funcionais do leite caprino, bem como seus benefícios metabólicos, esse trabalho teve como objetivo compilar dados sobre as atividades funcionais desses compostos, demonstrando suas aplicações clínicas. MÉTODO: A pesquisa constituiu-se de uma revisão bibliográfica através de buscas de dados em livros e nas bases eletrônicas Science Direct, Pubmed, LILACS, Web of Science e Periódicos CAPES. RESULTADOS: O soro do leite caprino, iogurte e queijo constituem um importante derivado lácteo, muitas vezes desprezado ou subutilizado, no entanto, esta matriz alimentar vem ganhando espaço no mercado, justificando-se a  necessidade de investigações e aprofundamento sobre suas propriedades funcionais. Os benefícios atribuídos ao leite de cabra e seus constituintes incluem: efeito anticarcinogênico, imunoregulador, anti-hipertensivo, hipoglicemiante, hipocolesterolêmico e antiplaquetário. Além disso, sua composição química resulta em melhor aceitação por parte de pacientes intolerantes à lactose, bem como vantagens no uso em formulas infantis pelo seu perfil de oligossacarídeos e menor potencial alergênico da sua porçãoprotéica. CONCLUSÃO: A grande quantidade de constituintes funcionais presente no leite de cabra coloca este alimento em posição de importante componente para a alimentação humana e com mais diversos objetivos terapêuticos.

 


Keywords


leite de cabra,derivados de leite, alimento funcional, benefícios.

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